The term hybrid refers to a fabric that has more than one type of structural fibre in its construction. In a multi-layer laminate if the properties of more than one type of fibre are required, then it would be possible to provide this with two fabrics, each containing the fibre type needed. However, if low weight or extremely thin laminates are required, a hybrid fabric will allow the two fibres to be presented in just one layer of fabric instead of two. It would be possible in a woven hybrid to have one fibre running in the weft direction and the second fibre running in the warp direction, but it is more common to find alternating threads of each fibre in each warp/weft direction. Although hybrids are most commonly found in 0/90° woven fabrics, the principle is also used in 0/90° stitched, unidirectional and multiaxial fabrics. The most usual hybrid combinations are:
Carbon / Aramid
The high impact resistance and tensile strength of the aramid fibre combines with high the compressive and tensile strength of carbon. Both fibres have low density but relatively high cost.
Aramid / Glass
The low density, high impact resistance and tensile strength of aramid fibre combines with the good compressive and tensile strength of glass, coupled with its lower cost.
Carbon / Glass
Carbon fibre contributes high tensile compressive strength and stiffness and reduces the density, while glass reduces the cost.
Published courtesy of
David Cripps, Gurit